Drugs in Dentistry
There had been different methods or treatment used to get relived from pain in shape of drugs or medicine since the birth of dentistry thousand years ago. Medications and dental care through drugs suggested by dentists before, between, and after dental or oral treatment have varied functions for better oral health of the patient. Today we discuss the most commonly utilized medications or drugs in dental practice. Instructions for use, side effects and the interaction with other drugs will be also highlighted shortly. Contraindications and perfect thoughtfulness for patients with particular problems such as renal impairment, hepatic impairment, or advanced age will also be shortly described below.
Every day, thousands of patients being taken dental medication, mostly used are restorative, prosthetic, periodontal, endodontic, and surgical treatments. Latest and advance techniques and methodology have given clinicians with the means to perform high-quality treatment in a perfect way. Moreover, efficient dental treatment takes more than focusing methods and treatments. The many methods of medications used before, between, and after dental treatment are serious attachment in the delivery of dental care.
In the practice of today’s dentistry so commonly use are local anesthetics this origin of its taken for an award. Dr. William Halstead in 1884 injected cocaine into sensory nerve trunk to encourage a state of surgical anesthesia. Twenty years later a synthetic analog of cocaine was made and used as first local anesthetic. Procaine which is also called or famous with its name Novocain was created in 1904, consider to be well known local anesthetic.
Lidocaine in the 1940s was the first amide-base local anesthetic created and still the most famous local anesthetic used in the United States these days.
Bupivacaine is a famous local anesthetic available in 0.5% concentration, as against to lidocaine, which is generally produced in a 2% concentration. The inception of anesthesia is around 8 to 10 minutes; but the duration of soft tissue anesthesia can increase up to 12 hours.
Articaine was made in Europe in 1969, but it gets started being used in the United States since 2000. The original creation of articaine included the preservative Methylparaben, which had been removed from all anesthetic cartridges in North America.
Mepivacaine does not share the vasodilating qualities of the other local anesthetics, so its creation does not contain epinephrine or the associated preservative sodium bisulfate.
Like many of the other local anesthetics, prilocaine is often combined with epinephrine to improve its efficacy and extend its duration of action. With the addition of 1:200,000 epinephrines, pulpal anesthesia can last about 1.5 hours, while soft tissue anesthesia can linger for up to 8 hours.
There is a long list of drugs which are used for dental care few of more are listed below:
PENICILLIN AND PENICILLIN DERIVATIVES
AZOLE ANTIFUNGAL AGENTS
NITROUS OXIDE/OXYGEN INHALATION SEDATION